Should I Remove the Snow from my Roof?
The rule of thumb for shoveling snow off a roof is typically when a depth of 6” is met, but here in the high-country that just isn’t realistic. On average, Winter Park gets 325” of snowfall every snow season, which would mean shoveling snow off your roof at least 54 times a season – that equates to about 13 times a month (or 3 times a week) of rooftop acrobats!
Some homeowners think the best time to shovel snow off their roofs is when they see their neighbors doing it – the neighbors are thinking the same thing, though – while others typically call a contractor like us or a local handyman to see what the schedule should be. Unfortunately, others wait until there are issues like water leaks and ice dams before they think of preventative measures to protect their home.
The quick answer to when to remove snow from your roof…
According to most roof warranties, snow should be shoveled off roofs before it reaches a depth of 2’; however, local snow removal companies may suggest sticking to the 6” depth to help prevent ice dams.
What to Consider When Removing Snow
In some instances, keeping snow on the roof is good to help with further insulating a home – which means savings on the heating bill, as well – but heavy snow loads can also lead to trouble. A few factors to consider when looking at the best time to shovel snow are:
- How much snow fell this year compared to previous years? Heavier snow seasons will lead to more needed snow removal.
- The pitch of the roof will help with snow shed. A sharper roof pitch will help the snow slide off easier; whereas, a flat roof would likely need to be shoveled more often.
- Temperature changes can lead to major issues as well. When we see a big variance in temperatures that cause snowmelt (and sometimes rain) one day and heavy snow the next, ice dams and ice fields start to form, which quickly becomes very heavy for roofs to hold up to.
- Roofing material can change the number of times a roof needs to be shoveled, too. A metal roof often sheds snow quite easily, but a shingled roof tends to have more ice damn issues.
- A roof manufacturing warranty will likely have limitations on the amount of snow that can be on the roof before the warranty is void. For the roofs we install, that limit is typically 2’ of snow, which would mean that before the snow reaches 2’ the roof would need to be shoveled – don’t wait until it reaches 2’.
- There are hundreds of accidents in Colorado each and every year because of homeowners tackling roof snow removal. Make sure to research safety measures before attempting your own snow removal.
The Science Behind Snow Loads
As mentioned above, there are many factors to consider when considering when to shovel a roof, but there is a scientific formula that local roofers and snow removers use to calculate the snow load.
(S x 1lb)+(I x 5lbs) = P
- S = depth of snow in inches.
- 1lb = weight 1” of snow per square foot.
- I = depth of ice build-up in inches.
- 5lbs = weight 1” of ice per square foot
- P = pounds of snow per square foot.
Let’s say you find out you have 10” of snow on your roof with 1” of ice build-up – let’s see how that would equate.
(10” x 1lb)+(1” x 5lbs) = 15lbs
Knowing that you have a 15lb snow load on your roof, you can now chat with a snow removal professional about the right time to have the snow removed. In Grand County, we would always recommend homeowners follow their roofing warranty for recommended snow load before deciding on roofing snow removal; however, for reference, the recommended snow load per pound for removal is 40lbs. Newer roofs can often take up to 60lbs of snow load. Check with your local snow removal expert for more details.
Wet Spring Snow
With all things considered, it’s still important to keep in mind that a heavy, wet spring can change all the factors mentioned above. When we see a March that brings in heavy snowstorms with 1” or more of snow one day, bluebird sunshine the next day, and a few days later another wet snowstorm all the snow starts to become very, very heavy – deceivingly heavier than you may imagine. During those times, it’s suggested that roofs be shoveled even more often.
How to Help Reduce Roof Snow Load
The good news is that there are a few preventative measures that homeowners can take to help reduce roof snow loads – we’ll give you a few of those tips below.
- Break off icicles (if it is safe to do so). Yes, they’re pretty and kids love them, but not only can they be dangerous, they add weight to the roof. Breaking them off while still small is easy; breaking them off after they become massive can take quite a lot of time and energy
- Ice dams should be chipped away because they cause more and more issues throughout the season. When chipping away at ice dams, do it carefully as to not damage the roof.
- Install heat cables in the summer. Heat cables help prevent ice dams and ice build-up on your roof.
- Snow fences and snow brackets help with the movement of upper layers of snow mass on the roof.
Should You Do Your Own Snow Removal?
You can, of course, but do a bit of research to ensure your safety, the safety of others, and roof protection is thought through. When removing snow loads, you also need to think of how you’ll remove ice dams without destroying the roof and where you’ll put all the snow once it’s off the roof, and that’s not to mention the safety to yourself and others. Year after year, we hear of preventable accidents that happen because of snow roof removal.
Snow Roof Resources
- FEMA Snow Load Safety Guide
- Colorado Design Snow Loads
- Roof Snow Removal Tips
- The Safest Way to Remove Snow from Your Roof